Sinusitis is basically the inflammation of the lining of the sinus cavities in the cranium. Sinusitis can be of two types – short term or long term. Long term sinus can also be referred to as chronic sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis can last anywhere between three weeks to three months. Chronic sinusitis symptoms are very similar to symptoms of a common cold. The only difference is that these symptoms don't go away with common cold medicines.
Some of the chronic sinusitis symptoms are slow fever, nasal discharge which is filled with pus, intense facial pain and headache. Chronic sinusitis occurs mostly in people who have a history of asthma and other allergies like allergy from pollen grains.
Though symptoms of sinus are very easy to detect, an MRI, CT scan or an x-ray may be used at times. Most doctors confirm a sinus infection by examining several parts of the face.
Most people with chronic sinus symptoms can be cured using antibiotics. Extreme cases may also require surgery. With advances in medical sciences, doctors are coming up with new ways of curing sinus. Some of the methods include flushing the nose with saline water and a syringe. Steroids are also used at times to dislodge the infected mucous. There is a wide variety of medication available for sinusitis.
People with acute chronic sinus symptoms may also have to undergo surgery. In such a case, the infected mucous is removed surgically. This may be done under general or local anesthesia.
There are several ways of preventing chronic sinus. Using a humidifier, cleaning the nose properly can prevent this disease. People who are prone to allergies should make sure that they take medication as soon as the allergy occurs. Decongestants should be used in case of colds. It has been observed that people who smoke or live in smoky environments have greater chances of contracting sinus than people living in a smoke free environment.
It is recommended that a person visits a doctor at the first sign of chronic sinus symptoms. If these symptoms are ignored, they can turn extremely painful and may require surgery.