There are a lot of misconceptions of hemorrhoids. For example, many people believe that sitting on a hard object will cause hemorrhoids to occur. This is simply not true. Hemorrhoids are a reaction of your body to stimulus, which are not caused by sitting on a hard surface. Hemorrhoids can affect a person of any age, and are not only limited to the elderly. Knowing about hemorrhoids, and the causes of the condition, will help you to understand what's going on in your body and how to treat it.
Hemorrhoids by themselves are blood vessels in the anal canal which help with stool control. Hemorrhoids, the medical condition, are a painful inflammation of the hemorrhoid vein. They form when increased pressure on the veins in the pelvis cause veins in the anal canal to swell up and stretch out of shape. This pressure can be caused by pregnancy, frequent constipation, frequent diarrhea, or even by being overweight.
When the pressure weakens the supporting tissues of the veins in the anal canal, the tissues bulge into the canal and cause internal hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids aren't as uncomfortable and painful as other forms of hemorrhoids, because there are no nerve endings inside the anal canal. However, this type of hemorrhoid can cause a lot of bleeding, especially during a bowel movement.
If the internal hemorrhoids get very large, they may bulge from the anus. If this happens, the person must push the hemorrhoids back in the anus. If they're left outside the body, they may become strangulated, which would be very painful and require surgery to correct. The most severe of hemorrhoid cases require surgery, because they can't be manually pushed back into the body.
If bowel activity changes, such as decreased constipation or diarrhea, internal hemorrhoid issues may solve themselves – but most of the time, they require some work on the part of the sufferer. Changes in diet and exercise may help to alleviate the hemorrhoid inflammation, and will prevent the inflammation from returning.
Sometimes, the swollen tissues bulge under the skin surrounding the anal opening, which is referred to as external hemorrhoids. These are the painful hemorrhoids that you hear about on television – they are uncomfortable, painful, and overall very disconcerting. These are the types of hemorrhoids that effectively stop our daily activities – making it impossible to commute or sit for long periods of time.
The vein in the external hemorrhoid is irritated, which causes a blood clot. This blood clot forms a hard, bluish lump. This lump, also referred to as a thrombosed hemorrhoid, is VERY painful and makes it difficult for people to sit on hard surfaces or do other standard tasks.
Many people end up with constantly recurring hemorrhoid flare-ups, and struggle with the pain, itching, and discomfort throughout most of their lives. It doesn't have to be this way. Hemorrhoids can be managed, by following an exercise and diet regimen. It's not just enough to suffer your life away with hemorrhoids, by actively treating them – their root causes – you'll be able to live a pain-free life again.
Source White Market